Existing problems and challenges
The Directorate of Water of the Decentralized Administration of Crete under the auspices of Special Secretariat for Water of the Ministry of Reconstruction of Production, Environment and Energy developed the Water Management Plan of the Region of Crete following the guidelines of the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and its implementation Law 3199/2003 and Ministerial Decision 51/2007. The Water Management Plan was developed with the cooperation of academic and research institutions as well as water management institutions of the island and it is the first management plan in Greece that was not developed by environmental consultant companies. The “Management Plan for the River Basin Districts of Crete, Greece” in view of the upcoming revision of it, that covers the period 2015-2021, addresses the following challenges tot enhances the quality of water:
A study of drought and assess the impact of climate change on water resources and incorporation of these studies in the first revision of the Plan
- An overall assessment and prioritization of the Programme of Measures based on cost-benefit analysis which is a prerequisite for the rational use of available resources
- Analysis of the participation of stakeholders during the public consultation of the Management Plan and innovative governance approaches should be implemented in which the stakeholders participate in the evaluation and prioritization of the Programme of Measures, identify and mitigate conflicts of interest and in this way contribute to the necessary social consensus for the effective implementation of the Plan.
To overcome these challenges, the Technical University of Crete (TUC) together with the Technological and Educational Institute of Crete (TEI), the Organization for the Development of Crete S.A. (O.A.K.), and the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) collaborate on a research scheme which has the necessary expertise to successfully address these challenges. It should be noted that two of the partners (TUC and O.A.K.) participated in the development of the integrated management plan. The TEI of Crete has extensive experience in the management of agricultural practice and, finally, the NIVA will participate in water resources governance actions and create social consensus conditions.
The general goal of this project is the development of innovative methodologies for integrated water resources management of Crete that take into account:
- Adaptation measures to climate change,
- Τhe rational evaluation and prioritization of the Program of Measures
- Innovative governance approaches to water management